Simultaneous Linear Equations have two equations each with two variables and we have to find out the value of both the variables by solving the two equations simultaneously. This Maths quiz is based on this particular concept. This online Maths quiz will have a few multiple-choice questions. You are advised to take a separate notebook to solve the given sums in this maths quiz.
However, before you attempt the quiz, you should know about the main concept of simultaneous linear equations.
‘Simultaneous linear equations’ is a new concept for the students of ICSE class 9. You have done ‘linear equation in one variable’ in previous years( in classes 7 and 8 ). There you have to find the value of any one variable by solving the given equation.
An equation of the form ax + by + c = 0 or ax + by = c, where a, b, c are real numbers and a and b are non zero numbers and x and y are variables, is called a simultaneous linear equation or a linear equation in two variables.
Methods of Solving Simultaneous Linear Equations
There are three methods of solving any sum with simultaneous linear equations. The methods have been stated below:
1. Substitution method
2. Elimination Method
3. Cross-multiplication Method
1.Steps for solving Simultaneous Linear Equations with Substitution Method
(i) Solve any one of the given equations to find out the value of one variable in terms of the other variable. For example, if one of the equations is x + 2y = 4, then x = 4 – 2y.
(ii) Substitute the value of the variable so obtained in the other equation. For example, if the 2nd equation is 2x – y = 1, then it will become 2( 4 – 2y ) – y = 1
(iii) Solve this equation as you solve a linear equation with one variable.
(iv) Put the value of the variable obtained in step (iii) into the equation obtained in step (i) to find the value of the other variable.
2. Steps for solving Simultaneous Linear Equations with Elimination Method
(i) Bring the two equations in the form ax + by + c = 0 or ax + by = c,
(ii) Make the coeffecients of any one varible equal. For example, if the two equations are
2x + 3y = 2 …(i) and
3x – 5y = 1 ….(ii) then,
multiply equation (i) with 3 and equation (ii) with 2, so that in both the equations the coeffecients of x becomes 6.
Alternatively, you can multiply equation (i) with 5 and equation (ii) with 3, so that in both the equations the coefficients of x become 15.
(iii) Eliminate the variable with the same coefficients by adding or subtracting the two equations.
(iv) Put the value of the variable obtained in step (iii) into any of the two equations to find out the value of another variable.
3.Steps for solving Simultaneous Linear Equations with Cross-multiplication Method
(i) Bring the two equations in the form ax + by + c = 0
(ii) Put the values of the coefficients of each equation in the formula given below:
(iii) Find the values of the variables.
Word Problems On Simultaneous Linear Equations
The syllabus also contains word problems on simultaneous linear equations. The online maths quiz with multiple choice questions also has few word problems on simultaneous linear equations.
Here, you have to make two equations with the information given in the sentences. After the two equations being obtained this way, you can use any of the three methods illustrated above to solve the equation.
If you want to know how to solve the sums on Simultaneous Linear Equations or A pair of Linear Equations In Two Variables ICSE Class 9 Maths, you can follow the link given below for video tutorial of the chapter. In this video series, all the methods along with the word problems have been explained.
Simultaneous Linear Equations ICSE Class 9 Maths MCQ
Now as you are ready to attempt these multiple-choice questions from this online quiz, please go through the rules first.
Rules For The Quiz:
- This quiz has 6 multiple-choice questions.
- Each sum has 5 marks.
- So the maximum marks are 30.
- There is no time limit.
- You should be ready with a pen and copy in your hand to solve the sums.
- keep your Maths book away from you. This is the test of your memory. So do not take the help of the Maths book.
- The correct answer and explanation are provided at the end of this quiz.
This online maths quiz on ICSE Class-IX chapter Simultaneous Linear Equation must have been fun to solve.
Please share your score in the comments section below.
Keep on learning new things and say yes to Maths.